Nonfiction vs fiction

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In allegiance to Stephen King's writerly maxim, “The only requirement is the ability to  remember every scar,” I'm considering writing a new series of stories about my father's five year struggle with Chronic Fatigue Syndrom.

I was ten when my father had to quit work. His body was hurting all the time and he couldn't think he was so tired. Ten is an age you need a father, but for five years he was largely absent, both physically and mentally. My mom was preoccupied and stressed bearing our family's financial burdens. I went through the first, confusing years as a teenager all but alone.

But the question is: should I write the stories from this period of my life as non-fiction or channel them into my fiction?

The Advantages of Writing Creative Non-Fiction

Some of the best writers either got their start writing journalism and memoir. George Orwell's first book was called Down and Out in Paris and London, a memoir about living in poverty in two of the world's most famous cities.

Mark Twain's first book was a collection of essays he wrote while travelling in Europe and the Middle East called The Innocents Abroad, or The New Pilgrim's Progress. During Twain's lifetime, the book sold more copies than any of his novels.

Here are three advantages to writing creative non-fiction:

1. Publishing Non-fiction is Easier

More people read short, non-fiction stories than short, fiction stories, and newspapers, magazines, and public radio all purchase stories like these regularly. On the other hand, getting short fiction published is incredibly difficult (you're ten times more likely to get into Harvard than to get published in a a top literary magazine).

2. Non-fiction Often Pays Better

Not only are there very few publications that pay for short-fiction (most pay with copies of the magazine), the ones who do often pay less for short-fiction.

3. Non-fiction Teaches You Discipline

When writing for magazines and newspapers, you have deadlines, and there's nothing like a deadline to make you more creative and focused.

The Advantages of Writing Fiction

At the same time, rather than writing directly about their personal experiences, many of the best fiction authors channel those experiences into their novels.

For example, while Pat Conroy's novel The Great Santini is fiction, Conroy borrowed heavily from his experience growing up as the son of an abusive, alcoholic Marine. The novel was so true to life that members of his family who felt betrayed would picket book signings.

Here are three advantages of writing fiction:

1. Fiction is Enduring

While non-fiction might pay better initially, fiction writers are the ones who go down in history. We don't remember George Orwell for Down and Out in London and Paris. We remember him for his novels 1984 and Animal Farm. We don't remember Twain for his travel writing. We remember him for Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer.

2. Bestselling Fiction Pays Better than Bestselling Non-Fiction

J.K. Rowling was the first billionaire author, not Tina Fey, and James Patterson sells more copies of his books than Tim Ferriss does (about 200 times more). In the end, top tier fiction authors make more than top tier non-fiction authors. (Not that it's likely I'll experience this first hand. You might though!)

3. You Can Channel Your Personal Imagination

Creative non-fiction is still non-fiction, and non-fiction requires strict adherence to the facts, which means hours of research, interviews, and careful remembering. I wouldn't say fiction is lazier. Rather it's more dependent on the author's personal imagination. You don't have to stress about whether something really happened. You can just write.

What do you prefer to write? Creative non-fiction or fiction? Why?


Write a story about the hardest aspect of your childhood, but write in the genre you feel least comfortable with. If you write non-fiction generally, write a fictional story. If you write fiction, write a non-fiction story.

Write for fifteen minutes. When you're time is up, post your practice in the comments section. And if you post, please be sure to comment on the practices of a few other writers.

Happy writing!

Joe Bunting is an author and the leader of The Write Practice community. He is also the author of the new book Crowdsourcing Paris, a real life adventure story set in France. It was a #1 New Release on Amazon. Follow him on Instagram (@jhbunting).

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